The Trouble With Bulldogs

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  1. The Trouble with Bulldogs - Scientific American
  2. We've Overbred Bulldogs To The Point Where They Can't Breathe Or Breed Without Assistance
  3. General Health Information for your French Bulldog

Instead, give her a hug, brush her fur or teeth, play a game with her, or perhaps take her for a walk. All kinds of worms and bugs can invade your English Bulldog's body, inside and out. Everything from fleas and ticks to ear mites can infest her skin and ears. Hookworms, roundworms, heartworms , and whipworms can get into her system in a number of ways: drinking unclean water, walking on contaminated soil, or being bitten by an infected mosquito.

Some of these parasites can be transmitted to you or a family member and are a serious concern for everyone.

The Trouble with Bulldogs - Scientific American

One of the best things you can do for your Bulldog is to have her spayed neutered for males. In females, this means we surgically remove the ovaries and usually the uterus, and in males, it means we surgically remove the testicles. Spaying or neutering decreases the likelihood of certain types of cancers and eliminates the possibility of your pet becoming pregnant or fathering unwanted puppies.

Performing this surgery also gives us a chance, while your pet is under anesthesia, to identify and address some of the diseases your dog is likely to develop. For example, if your pet needs hip X-rays or a puppy tooth extracted, this would be a good time. This is convenient for you and easy for your friend. Routine blood testing prior to surgery also helps us to identify and take precautions for common problems that increase anesthetic or surgical risk.

A number of different musculoskeletal problems have been reported in Bulldogs. While it may seem overwhelming, each condition can be diagnosed and treated to prevent undue pain and suffering. With diligent observation at home and knowledge about the diseases that may affect your friend's bones, joints, or muscles you will be able to take great care of him throughout his life. Bulldogs are more likely than other canines to be born with spinal deformities a condition called hemivertebrae , which may lead to spinal cord damage, instability, or disability.

Not many things have as dramatic an impact on your dog's quality of life as the proper functioning of his eyes. Unfortunately, Bulldogs can inherit or develop a number of different eye conditions, some of which may cause blindness if not treated right away, and most of which can be extremely painful! We will evaluate his eyes at every examination to look for any signs of concern. There are a few different types of stones that can form in the kidney or in the bladder, and Bulldogs are more likely to develop them than other breeds.

Call us immediately! This disease, also known as brachycephalic syndrome, affects dogs with a short nose, like your Bulldog. As a consequence, the soft palate the soft part at the back of the roof of the mouth , is too long and hangs down into the airway. The nostrils are often too small, and sometimes the trachea, or windpipe, is narrow and undersized.

All of these things lead to a narrow and obstructed airway. Many of these dogs can barely breathe! Watch for exercise intolerance, loud breathing, coughing, bluish gums, or fainting. With his short nose, he is also more likely to develop other problems, such as flatulence from excessive air intake, pneumonia from aspirating food, or heat stroke.

In severe cases, surgical correction may be recommended. There are several types of inherited bleeding disorders which occur in dogs. They range in severity from very mild to very severe. Many times a pet seems normal until a serious injury occurs or surgery is performed, and then severe bleeding can result. Breeds with a large head and small pelvis are more prone to difficulties during the birthing process.

Her pelvis is just too small to pass puppies and a C-section is often required for her health and that of her puppies. If you are interested in breeding your English Bulldog, speak with us first. We can help you make an informed decision based on body conformation of both sire and dam. Bulldogs are prone to multiple types of heart disease , which can occur both early and later in life. Veterinary dental care and weight control go a long way in preventing heart disease. Your English Bulldog is susceptible to different kinds of skin infections and diseases.

One of them is caused by yeast Malassezia dermatitis. When it infects the ears, it causes itching, redness, and an accumulation of brown waxy discharge. On the skin, it leads to greasy, hairless areas, especially on the neck and throat, with a characteristic odor. Another common skin disease called seborrhea can cause dry, flaky skin or greasy, oily skin. These diseases make your pet itchy and uncomfortable. The earlier you call to have his skin problems checked, the less likely it is that you will end up caring for an itchy, bald, smelly dog.

Demodex is a microscopic mite that lives in the hair follicles of dogs. All dogs have them. In mild cases, pet owners may notice a few dry, irritated, hairless lesions. These often occur on the face or feet and may or may not be itchy. Secondary skin infections may occur.

Prompt veterinary care is important to keep the disease from getting out of hand. Many pets seem to outgrow the problem, while others require lifelong management. Older Bulldogs may develop this disease, in which the vocal cords become paralyzed and hang down into the airway.

We've Overbred Bulldogs To The Point Where They Can't Breathe Or Breed Without Assistance

Watch for noisy breathing, especially when exercising or in hot, humid weather. In severe cases a pet can collapse and have difficulty breathing. Mild cases can be managed with changes at home and possibly medication. Cancer is a leading cause of death in older dogs. Your English Bulldog will likely live longer than many other breeds and therefore is more prone to get cancer in his golden years. Many cancers are cured by surgically removing them, and some types are treatable with chemotherapy. Early detection is critical!

Teeth abnormalities are often genetically induced and are relatively common in dogs, especially in purebred dogs like your Bulldog. An overbite or underbite is called a malocclusion, or a bad bite. Oligodontia is a condition where only a few teeth are present. Misaligned teeth can also occur and cause lots of problems, but can usually be corrected with braces or extractions. Yes, dogs can get braces! Much of what you can do to keep your dog happy and healthy is common sense, just like it is for people. Be sure to adhere to the schedule of examinations and vaccinations that we recommend for her.

Another very important step in caring for your pet is signing up for pet health insurance. There will certainly be medical tests and procedures she will need throughout her life and pet health insurance will help you cover those costs. Build her routine care into your schedule to help your English Bulldog live longer, stay healthier, and be happier during her lifetime. We cannot overemphasize the importance of a proper diet and exercise routine.

Any abnormal symptom could be a sign of serious disease, or it could just be a minor or temporary problem. The important thing is to be able to tell when to seek veterinary help, and how urgently. Many diseases cause dogs to have a characteristic combination of symptoms, which together can be a clear signal that your Bulldog needs help. Give us a call for an appointment if you notice any of these types of signs:. Seek medical care immediately if you notice any of these types of signs:. Visit our office to get the latest in top-quality veterinary care along with unparalleled service. Phone: Email: harlingenvet gmail.

Skip to main content. English Bulldog. The English Bulldog - Quite a Chap! Your Bulldog's Health We know that because you care so much about your dog , you want to take good care of her. Infections Bulldogs are susceptible to bacterial and viral infections — the same ones that all dogs can get — such as parvo, rabies, and distemper. The symptoms are itching and skin changes and are sometimes difficult to treat. Veterinary therapy consists of suppressing the itch and repairing the skin. Atopy can be seasonal, such as an allergy to pollen, which is only in the air during certain months of the year.

But even seasonal allergies, symptoms can occur throughout the year. Other causes of atopy for example dust mites are permanently present. Atopy usually manifests itself in itching. This manifests itself primarily on the head, armpits, groin, and legs. Redness and baldness can also occur around the eyes and muzzle. Brown discoloration of the coat can occur due to licking and biting. Due to chronic irritation caused by scratching and biting, black discoloration and thickening of the skin can occur.

Sometimes the only complaint seen with atopy is having a recurring ear infection that responds temporarily to treatment with ear ointment. These ear ointments contain anti-itch medication, which temporarily relieves the symptoms. However, the underlying problem, the atopy, is not resolved and complaints return as soon as the ointment is stopped. Skin disorders are complex and can have multiple causes. The veterinarian usually carries out several tests to determine the underlying causes.

Hereby the vet first of all rules out that there are skin problems caused by parasites such as fleas. A fungal test is often carried out to exclude the presence of skin fungi. If none of the above problems arise, it must be determined whether your Frenchie may be allergic to something in the diet. For this, your Frenchie must be fed for at least six weeks with a so-called elimination diet. This is a diet that consists of one carbohydrate source and one protein source that did not occur in the normal diet. This minimizes the chance of an allergic reaction.

If the elimination diet does not improve, there is a good chance that the cause is atopy. To find out which substance causes the atopic reaction, also known as allergen, more specialized research is needed. The best treatment is to avoid contact with the allergens, but this is usually not possible. Multiple treatment options are possible with medication.

These treatments do not cure the condition but help to suppress the symptoms of the allergy. A substance that is used for this is cyclosporine. Cyclosporine is a substance that suppresses the allergy reaction in the skin. The immune cells are disrupted in the event of atopy. By reducing their activity, the symptoms of itching and inflammation in the skin can be reduced.

Good results are generally achieved with the help of this medication. The substance is safe and few side effects are seen. The disadvantage is that the therapy is quite expensive and must be continued for life. A more cost-effective option is to use corticosteroids to control itching and inflammation. This treatment is generally very effective because corticosteroids reduce the activity of the entire immune system. Corticosteroids can cause side effects such as urination and drinking, increased appetite, thinner skin and diabetes with prolonged use. Unfortunately, corticosteroids sometimes offer the only solution.

The veterinarian tries to prescribe the lowest possible dosage that is effective with as few side effects as possible. These are caused by bacteria or yeasts that are normally on the skin and usually cause no problems. Due to the decreased skin defenses, these bacteria and yeasts strike and cause skin infections. These infections can aggravate inflammation and itching as a result of the allergy. In many cases, your veterinarian prescribes antibiotics and medicinal shampoo to treat these infections.

A Frenchie with atopy places higher demands on nutrients because the recovery of the skin requires a lot of energy and nutrients. Special diet foods help to reduce symptoms and support recovery and play an important role in the treatment of skin conditions. A cherry-eye is a deviation of the eye, or to be more specific a tear gland in the eye. This one is in the top 5 of French bulldog health issues. A cherry-eye is caused by swelling of the tear gland that is located behind the third eyelid.

Because of the swelling, the tear gland suddenly becomes visible above the third eyelid. Sometimes the swelling diminishes and the tear gland drops back to its normal position behind the third eyelid, but usually, the swelling of the tear gland is so intense that it continuously protrudes above the third eyelid. Because the tear gland protrudes, the mucous membrane is constantly exposed to dehydration and dirt, which can cause inflammation. The purpose of treating a cherry eye is to return the bulging tear gland to its normal position.

In the first instance, under local anesthetic of the eye, the veterinarian may try to return the tear gland to its normal position. Unfortunately, the bulging tear gland can return within a few minutes to days.

General Health Information for your French Bulldog

The replacement of the tear gland in its normal position must then be done surgically. Unfortunately, the tear gland can also swell and bulge again after this operation. The bulging tear gland and the third eyelid are very important for eye protection. We therefore strongly advise against completely removing the tear gland and the third eyelid. Because inflammation is a consequence and not a cause of a cherry eye with French bulldogs, treatment with an antibiotic eye ointment will not solve the problem.

Often an eye ointment is prescribed to protect the tear gland and the eye until the operation. The kneecap or patella is normally located in a cartilage slot on the lower part of the upper leg. In the case of a luxating patella, it moves from its place in or out. The kneecap has an important function in the mechanism of the knee bend. This function is lost when the kneecap is luxed. As a result, the dog can no longer lean well on this leg. Knee-disc luxation can occur on one leg, but we often see it on opposite sides. We see it in young French bulldogs from about 8 weeks old, but we often see problems later in life.

In principle, luxating patella can occur in all breeds. However, we see it most often with the small dog breeds so your Frenchie is more prone to getting it…Again one of the many French bulldog health issues. The fact that luxating patella is a complex problem is clear from the different classifications in which this condition is subdivided. We make the following subdivision herein;. Symptoms of luxating patella can vary from very occasional pulling up the relevant leg to the permanent abnormal position of the leg where the French bulldog walk with their knees out. When the kneecap comes back in the right position, the problems are gone immediately.

With medial luxating patella we can generally distinguish three groups;. In some cases, it is better to do this test under light sedation. Taking X-rays is not immediately necessary for diagnosis, but does exclude other causes and can provide information about the prognosis and the choice of treatment method. The treatment of the luxating patella depends on the degree and the cause of the luxation.

Degree 1 luxating patella is often not treated not least because the symptoms are so small. Yet it is very likely that, due to the regular luxations, a painful joint will develop. Moreover, this can cause bone abnormalities, which means that the luxation is getting worse. It is so that most of these cases can be operated. The other degrees of luxating patella are certainly eligible for surgery. Epilepsy in French bulldogs is a regularly occurring disorder and a fairly common French bulldog health issue. Epilepsy is the repeated occurrence of seizures and comes in a primary and secondary form.

The epileptic seizures vary per dog. Epilepsy is a disease in which certain attacks occur. Usually, the attacks come with a certain regularity, on average once a month. Attacks arise because the function of the brain cells is disturbed.

Key points:

The nervous system, of which the brain is a part of, can be compared to a network of electrical cables that conduct electricity. The brain cells generate, transmit and receive electrical signals. With an epileptic seizure, there is a brief derailment of the electrical signals in the brain cells. Does your French bulldog suffer from an epileptic seizure? Just keep calm and ensure that the dog cannot injure itself and others. It is important to keep track of the duration of the attack on the clock. Usually, an attack only takes a few minutes. Does the attack last longer than 10 minutes or do attacks follow each other quickly?

Then call the vet immediately. In this case, the attack does not stop automatically and must, therefore, be stopped by the vet. There are two types of epilepsy: primary epilepsy and secondary epilepsy. There is often no cause for primary epilepsy. With secondary epilepsy, there is often a specific cause for the attacks. There is usually no cause for primary epilepsy. The diagnosis is made by excluding other causes. This form of epilepsy usually develops between the ages of 6 months and 5 years with an average of 3 years.

Secondary epilepsy usually occurs in French bulldogs less than 6 months of age or older than 5 years. With this form, there is a precise cause to be found. Sometimes it can be congenital, sometimes it is caused by infections, poisoning, tumors or abnormalities in the blood vessels. The most common causes have to do with liver shunt or hepatitis, a low blood sugar level or meningitis.

Liver shunt is a congenital defect in which the blood vessels are not properly laid out and this affects mostly young French bulldogs. The liver cannot purify the toxins from the blood, leaving ammonia in the blood, among other things.

The Purebred Crisis: How dogs are being deformed in the name of fashion

The ammonia can cause epileptic seizures, but also behavioral changes and aggression. In older dogs, epilepsy can be caused by acute hepatitis. Too low a blood sugar level is sometimes referred to as hypoglycemia and sometimes occurs in puppies. With a proliferation of pancreatic gland cells insulinoma , insulin is produced, causing your dog to have an insufficient blood sugar level.

Meningitis is a progressive disease. Epileptic seizures can occur. Especially with infectious inflammation, epileptic seizures can be the only clear symptom. Epilepsy can occur in various types of seizures. Make sure that the dog cannot injure itself and others. There are three types of epileptic seizures: partial seizures, generalized seizures, and atypical seizures. Partial epileptic seizures begin locally and may extend to a generalized seizure Jacksonian epilepsy.

A partial attack is expressed locally: shaking with an ear, with a leg or blinking with an eye. In addition to the Jacksonian epilepsy, there is the psychomotor seizure. The French bulldog then runs after its own tail or tries to catch imaginary flies. This attack consists of three phases:. Prior to the attack, the dog may exhibit abnormal behavior or have a weird look in its eyes.

This stage can take a few seconds, but sometimes also a few days. The next phase is the real attack; the dog falls over and loses consciousness. This phase is characterized by the fact that stiffening is alternated with relaxation. Cramps can occur accompanied by violent movements with the legs. During such an attack it often happens that the dog loses urine or feces.


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Just like phase 1, this phase can take a very short time, but also a few days. It is important to approach your Frenchie calmly during that period. The dog may have multiple attacks in a day, with an interval ranging from a few minutes to a few hours.

The dog can recover sufficiently between the attacks, but it is still important to call in the vet. The attacks must be interrupted to ensure that it stops.